Clinical Nutrition Research and the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Scoping Review of the ASPEN COVID-19 Taskforce on Nutrition Research

Identification: JPEN2101
Credits (Post Test and/or Evaluation Required)
Available until 01/31/2022
  • 1.00 - Dietitian
  • 1.00 - Nurse
  • 1.00 - Pharmacist
  • 1.00 - Physician
  • 1.00 - Other


*To take the exam click the CE Information tab*

CE Credit: CE credit available for dietitians, nurses, pharmacists and physicians

Total Credit Hours: 1.0

Release Date: January 1, 2021

Expiration Date (all CE credit must be claimed by the expiration date): January 31, 2022

Issue: 1

Volume: 45

Journal: Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (JPEN)

Author (s):

Jeffrey I. Mechanick, MD, Professor, Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Bone Disease, Icahn School of Medicine, Mount Sinai, New York, NY

Salvatore Carbone, PhD, Assistant Professor, Department of Kinesiology and Health Sciences, College of Humanities and Sciences, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA

Roland N. Dickerson, PharmD, BCNSP, Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Translational Science, University of Tennessee College of Pharmacy, Clinical Coordinator and Clinical Pharmacy Specialist, Nutrition Support Service, Regional One Health, Memphis, TN

Beverly J.D. Hernandez, PhD, RD, Director of Clinical Nutrition Department, Tampa General Hospital, Tampa, FL

Ryan T. Hurt, MD, PhD, Consultant, Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN

Sharon Y. Irving, PhD, RN, Assistant Professor, Pediatric Nursing, University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, Philadelphia, PA

Ding‐You Li, MD, PhD, Professor of Pediatrics, University of Missouri Kansas City School of Medicine and University of Kansas School of Medicine; Chief, Section of Gastroenterology, Medical Director of Clinical Services, Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition, Children’s Mercy Hospital, Kansas City, MO

Mary S. McCarthy, PhD, RN, Senior Nurse Specialist, GS-13, Center for Nursing Science and Clinical Inquiry, Madigan Army Medical Center, Tacoma, WA

Kris M. Mogensen, MS, RD‐AP, Team Leader Dietitian Specialist, Department of Nutrition, Brigham and Women’s Hospital; Instructor, Boston University College of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences: Sargent College, Boston, MA

Juan B. Ochoa Gautier, MD, Medical Director, Surgical Intensive Care, Ochsner Medical Center, New Orleans, LA

Jayshil J. Patel, MD, Associate Professor of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI

T. Elaine Prewitt, DrPH, Department of Health Policy and Management, Fay W. Boozman College of Public Health, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR

Martin Rosenthal, MD, Acute Care Surgery Team, University of Florida, UF Health Shands, Gainesville, FL

Malissa Warren, RD, CNSC, Advanced Practice Nutrition Support Specialist, Critical Care Dietitian, VA Portland Healthcare Center, Portland, OR

Marion F. Winkler, PhD, RD, Surgical Services Nutrition Support Specialist, Department of Surgery, Rhode Island Hospital, Providence, RI

Liam McKeever, PhD, RDN, Postdoctoral Fellow for Penn Center for Nutrition Science and Medicine, Department of Biostatistics, Epidemiology, and Informatics, Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Philadelphia, PA

Link to article: Link

Journal-based CE Activity Overall Goal:

The JPEN Editor, in concurrence with ASPEN’s Education and Professional Development Committee, selected this article to be offered for CE credit to fill an observed learning need in the arena of clinical nutrition and metabolism. This CE activity serves to promote the process of life-long learning for physicians, dietitians, pharmacists, and nurses by providing peer-reviewed journal articles that fully qualify for continuing education credits.

Goal and Target Audience:

This educational activity is directed toward clinical nutrition and metabolism professionals and others who wish to update their knowledge of clinical nutrition and metabolism. By participating in this educational activity, the reader may expect to:

  • Acquire knowledge in the area of clinical nutrition and metabolism research
  • Update or confirm your understanding of appropriate clinical nutrition and metabolism practices.
  • Identify further learning needs as they relate to the subject matter.

Learning Objectives:

  1. Select nutrition and COVID-19 topics for original clinical study designs corresponding to current research gaps.
  2. Describe how COVID-19 and nutrition research gaps are identified using the scoping review methodology.
  3. Summarize the different ways in which nutrition plays a role in each of the 3 stages: pre-, acute-, and chronic/post-COVID-19.
  4. Formulate specific questions for a systematic review on nutrition and COVID-19 that can close knowledge gaps.
  5. Propose potential practice gaps that could be used to create clinical practice guidelines on nutrition and COVID-19.

Requirements for Successful Completion:
To obtain CE credit for this activity, attendees must read the journal article in its entirety, complete an online assessment for each article and achieve a score of 100%, and complete an online activity evaluation. All are located in ASPEN’s eLearning Center ( All CE credit must be claimed prior to the expiration date, no exceptions. Dietitians and other CDR credentialed practitioners must also complete and retain a copy of the CDR issued Critical Thinking Self-Study Evaluation Tool. Pharmacists must provide their birthday (MMDD) and NABP e-PID. Details are available at

Accreditation Statements/Continuing Education Credit

Nurses, Pharmacists and Physicians
In support of improving patient care, The American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (ASPEN) is jointly accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME), Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE), and the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC), to provide continuing education for the healthcare team.

This activity is for a maximum of 1 contact hour (0.1 CEU) per journal article and is a knowledge activity.

ASPEN designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits TM per article. Physicians should only claim credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.

ASPEN is approved by the California Board of Registered Nursing, Provider CEP 3970.

ACPE UAN: JA0002345-0000-21-068-H04-P

Knowledge activity.


ASPEN, Provider Number AM005, is a Continuing Professional Education (CPE) Accredited Provider with the Commission on Dietetic Registration (CDR). CDR level 2. Dietitians may post comments on this program on


Non-Commercialism: ASPEN subscribes to the ACCME Standards for Commercial Support. ASPEN does not provide programs that constitute advertisement or include promotional materials. ASPEN does not endorse any products.

Computer Requirements and Technical Support: Participants will need a computer with internet connection to access the online assessment and evaluation for each journal article. If the journal article is read electronically, then the ability to read a PDF document is also necessary. Users should enable pop-ups if attempting to read article electronically. For technical difficulties please contact Digitell Inc. Customer Support at: 1-800-679-3646

Office hours are between 9AM to 5PM ET, Monday through Friday

Privacy and Confidentiality: ASPEN respects the privacy of its members and website visitors. Companies that receive personal information from ASPEN in order to execute the business of ASPEN may use personal information only for that purpose.

Refund Policy: Refunds are not available.

Grievances: Grievances must be submitted in writing to Director of Education at ASPEN 8401 Colesville Road, Suite 510, Silver Spring, MD 20910.

Commercial Support and Sponsorship:
No commercial support or sponsorship has been received for this continuing education activity.

Commercial Relationships Disclosures and Conflicts of Interest (COI) of Authors and Editor-in-Chief and Associate Editors

Among the authors, Salvatore Carbone, Beverly Hernandez, Sharon Irving, Ding-You Li, Mary McCarthy, Liam McKeever, Teresa Prewitt, Martin Rosenthal, Malissa Warren, Marion Winkler have nothing to disclose.

Jeffrey Mechanick, Abbott Nutrition, lecturer and program developer, honoraria. Roland Dickerson, Baxter Healthcare, speaker, honorarium. Ryan Hurt, Nestle Nutrition, consultant, honorarium. Kris Mogensen, Baxter, speaker and advisory board, honorarium and consulting fee. Juan Ochoa, Nestle Health Science, Fresenius Kabi, Baxter, speaker, honoraria. Jayshil Patel, Baxter, consultant, consulting fee.

Among the JPEN Associate Editors, David August, Ronald Koretz, Ding-You Li, Jean-Charles Preiser, Marion Winkler have nothing to disclose.

Lillian Harvey-Banchik: Abbott, speaker's bureau, compensation. Joseph Boullata: Bbraun, honoraria, speaker and consultant; Fresenius Kabi USA, honoraria, speaker. Kathleen Gura: Northsea Therapeutics, consulting fee, consultant; Xellia Pharmaceuticals, consulting fee, member of pharmaceutical advisory board; Baxter, honorarium, member of advisory board; Otsuka Pharmaceutical Company, consulting fee, consultant.

Russell Merritt: Abbott, Abbvie, J&J, stockholder, no current role, result of former employment; Takeda, Site PI and Speaker, received honorarium and research support; Alcresta, advisory board, consultant fees; Abbott labs, retiree, pension, no current role; Einshot Biohealth, consulting fees, consultant. Juan Ochoa: Nestle Health Science, honorarium, speaker; Baxter, honorarium, advisory board; Aesculap, honorarium, advisory role/consultant; HNC (nutrition council), honoraria, speaker

JPEN Editor-in-Chief Kelly Tappenden: Viovectiv, honorarium, consultant; Abbott Nutrition, speaker, honorarium; Shire Pharmaceuticals, honorarium, speaker; Baxter Healthcare, honorarium, consultant.

ASPEN staff have no commercial relationships to disclose.

No conflicts related to disclosure information present and subsequently no need for resolution. Standard journal peer-review process also in place as another layer of review to ensure no conflicts to resolve.

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Credits: None available.