Paul E. Wischmeyer, MD, EDIC, FCCM, FASPEN is a critical care, perioperative and nutrition physician who serves as a Professor with Tenure of Anesthesiology and Surgery at Duke University School of Medicine. He also serves as the Associate Vice Chair for Clinical Research in the Dept. of Anesthesiology & Director of the Nutrition Team at Duke Hospital. Dr. Wischmeyer's clinical and research focus is focused helping patients prepare and recover from critical illness and surgery. His research interests include surgical and ICU nutrition and exercise rehabilitation therapy, perioperative optimization, post-illness lean body mass and functional recovery, role of probiotics/microbiome in illness, specifically COVID-19 prevention/treatment. He has received numerous awards for his work from multiple medicine, nutrition and critical care societies. These include the Jeffrey Silverstein Award and Memorial Lecture for Humanism in Medicine from the American Delirium Society and the Stanley Dudrick Research Scholar Award of the American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition. He has >200 publications (H index-64 and 44 papers with >100 citations) in nutrition, critical care, and perioperative care, including publications in New England Journal of Medicine. He has been an invited speaker at numerous national/international medical meetings, delivering over 850 invited presentations in his career.